Archive for category Breast Feeding
THE COCHRANE LIBRARY
“The Cochrane Library is a collection of six databases that contain different types of high-quality, independent evidence to inform healthcare decision-making, and a seventh database that provides information about groups in The Cochrane Collaboration.”
It contains a great deal of information and is generally highly regarded by the medical profession since the documents it produces and refers to put great weight on the evidence base.
From time to time, they produce what they call “Special Collections” which covers various aspects of a topic.
Recently there was some discussion regarding the wisdom of recommending exclusive breast feeding until about six months of age.
It should be noted that some of the controversies regarding breast feeding are to do with the different requirements in developing countries compared to areas of the world where malnutrition resulting from food shortage is unlikely.
“Although the health benefits of breastfeeding are widely acknowledged, opinions and recommendations are strongly divided on the optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding. Much of the debate has centered on the so-called ‘weanling’s dilemma’ in developing countries: the choice between the known protective effect of exclusive breastfeeding against infectious morbidity and the (theoretical) insufficiency of breast milk alone to satisfy the infant’s energy and micronutrient requirements beyond four months of age. This review assesses the effects on child health, growth, and development, and on maternal health, of exclusive breastfeeding for six months versus exclusive breastfeeding for three to four months with mixed breastfeeding (introduction of complementary liquid or solid foods with continued breastfeeding) thereafter through six months.”
COUNTRY : WORLDWIDE
The collection points to articles on the following topics:
DURATION OF BREASTFEEDING
Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding
PROMOTING AND SUPPORTING BREASTFEEDING
Initiation of breastfeeding
Interventions for promoting the initiation of breastfeeding
Support for breastfeeding mothers
Cup feeding versus other forms of supplemental enteral feeding for newborn infants unable to fully breastfeed
Continuation of breastfeeding
Interventions in the workplace to support breastfeeding for women in employment
Methods of milk expression for lactating women
Reducing maternal impact
Treatments for breast engorgement during lactation
Interventions for preventing mastitis after childbirth
Antibiotics for mastitis in breastfeeding women
Treatments for suppression of lactation
MATERNAL SUPPLEMENTATION TO IMPROVE QUALITY OF BREAST MILK
Supplementation with long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) to breastfeeding mothers for improving child growth and development
Vitamin A supplementation for postpartum women
MATERNAL ANTIGEN AVOIDANCE DURING LACTATION
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